Inequality in Africa
— A Middle Income Trap
Africa will be particularly vulnerable to rising inequality because of its natural resource base, rapid urbanization, and the ethno-linguistic diversity of its population.
It is neither feasible nor desirable to stand against the tide of technical progress and global integration which underlies the forces for both growth and rising inequality.
Policy makers should intervene proactively to achieve a more equal distribution of assets, addressing in particular the inequality of human capital in its many dimensions, starting with education and health.
The needs for aid targeted towards these ends may become less available as African countries cross into middle income country status, thus losing concessional resources for development.